Allahabad, officially known
as Prayagraj, and also known as Illahabad and Prayag, is a city in the Indian
state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Allahabad
district—the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous
district in India—and the Allahabad division.
The city lies
close to Triveni Sangam, "three-river confluence", original
name – Prayag, "place of sacrifice or
offering" – which lies at the sangam (confluence) of
the Ganges, Yamuna and Sarasvati rivers, a
propitious place to conduct sacrifices. It plays a central role in Hindu
scriptures. Allahabad was originally called
Kaushambi by the Kuru rulers of Hastinapur,
who developed it as their capital. Since then, the city has been a political,
cultural and administrative center of the Doab region. In the early 17th century, Allahabad was a
provincial capital in the Mughal Empire under
the reign of Jahangir.
that the Mughal emperor Akbar founded
a great city in Allahabad. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni and Nizamuddin Ahmad mention that Akbar laid the foundations of an
imperial city there which was called Ilahabas or Ilahabad.He
was said to be impressed by its strategic location and built a fort there,
later renaming it Ilahabas by 1584 which was changed to
Allahabad by Shah Jahan.